The names Cooper and Cooper S followed the names used for the sportier version of the classic Mini, which in turn come from the involvement of John Cooper and the Cooper Car Company. The Cooper heritage was further emphasised with the John Cooper Works (JCW) range of tuning options that are available with the Mini.
The MINI Cooper was modeled as a special version of the first generation MINI, with John Cooper, car maker of the Cooper Car Company, recognizing the potential to create a motorsports version of the same car. The first MINI Cooper and its successor MINI Cooper S were launched in 1961 and 1963 respectively.
The Cooper Car Company is a car manufacturer founded in December 1947 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper. Together with John's boyhood friend, Eric Brandon, they began by building racing cars in Charles's small garage in Surbiton, Surrey, England, in 1946.
When BMW sought to introduce a line of compact cars in the 1990s, they acquired the Rover Group and turned their attention to the Mini Cooper line. In 2001, BMW launched the new generation of Mini, available in three variations, the Cooper, Cooper S, and One versions.
Then in the year of 1994, BMW originally took over parent company of Mini and finally from 2000 Mini is fully owned by BMW. The fresh range of Mini cars comprise of Cooper, Countryman, Hatch, Convertible and Clubman models.
MINI Cooper was bought out by BMW in 2000. Before that, MINI was owned by the Rover Group. BMW bought the Rover Group in 1994, and broke it up in 2000, thus retaining the MINI brand.
The Mini Cooper was modeled as a special version of the first generation Mini, with John Cooper of the Cooper Car Company recognizing the potential to create a motorsports version of the same car.